Strengthening and Weakening of Linguistic Features: A Case of Complex Predicates in Hindi

Pradeep Kumar Das


Abstract: The formation of a complex predicate is a unique phenomenon. There are veryclear and categorical syntactic, morphological and semantic strategies to form theconstruction.The formation of the predicate as ‘complex predicate’ manifests very distinct andmarked linguistic evidences which are measurable in terms of case-association,valences, thematic role and agreement features from that of the simple-predicate.The present paper is an attempt to examine how the combination of a Noun/Adjective to a verb and making a predicate actually strengthens the verb inthe process of making a complex predicate and the combining of a verb toanother verb weakens the verb in producing a complex predicate. There is also an attempt in the paper to show how and why the complex predicates are produced or formed in different languages, and the cost that the natives have to pay in terms of acquiring such complex predicate is comparably cheaper. The acquisition of these complex predicate make the speakers more competent to master some very useful aspects of language and make them comfortable to handle different contexts of the use of the language.The paper examines the case of ‘compound verb and conjunct verb’ in particular to exemplify the instances of ‘strengthening and weakening’ processes of linguistic features of complex predicate in Hindi-Urdu.

Key Words: Complex Predicate, Case-association, Thematic Role,Strengthening, Weakening, Linguistic Features, Conjunct Verb, compoundVerb, Agreement etc.

Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License The Interdisciplinary Journal Of Linguistics is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License